Breast Cancer Mortality Rate Stage 1
Breast cancer mortality rate stage 1
As we grow old, each of the biological processes occurring within the body slows down, making people over the age of 40 more prone to diseases. In the case of breast cancer, more women over the age of 40 are diagnosed with breast cancer. You can find more information in our article about Breast Cancer by age. Breast cancer is categorized into stages as it helps doctors determine appropriate treatment and management plans. Furthermore, the affected patients become more evident in their health status. Stage 1 breast cancer is one of the earliest stages of invasive breast cancer. At this stage, the cancerous tumor forms and is visible on a diagnostic examination like mammography. Besides, the cancerous growth is limited to a single location in the breast tissue. It is crucial to identify and treat the breast tumor as the chances of recovery are maximum. The more cancer grows, the more difficult it becomes to treat and manage.
According to the statistics reported by the American Society of Clinical Oncology, the percentage of women diagnosed with stage 1 breast cancer is 62 percent. The size of the tumor grows not more than 2 centimeters. Moreover, the breast cancer mortality rate in stage 1 is less than one percent. This mortality rate is almost similar to breast cancer stage 0. Also, the survival rate is the same for the two stages, which is around 99 percent. You can find some statistics about the 5-year survival based on the stage of Breast Cancer.
Let’s take a look at stage 1 breast cancer and explore a bit about the different categories of stage 1.
Stage 1 breast cancer is further divided into two categories:
Breast cancer mortality rate stage 1A
In this subtype of breast cancer, stage 1, the tumor measured is about a peanut size and is contained within the breast tissue. Although this category is invasive cancer at its earliest form with a breast cancer mortality rate stage 1 of not more than one percent, it is still necessary to monitor the invasive tumor growth for on-time intervention and management.
Breast cancer mortality rate stage 1B
Several small clusters of cancerous cells can be seen scattered in the breast tissue. These clusters are 2 millimeters in size and are present in the lymph nodes. The infestation of cancer cells in the lymph nodes means that the tumor has started spreading to structures other than the breast tissue. Apart from the clusters, a lump or a tumor measuring not more than 2 centimeters can also be present, or there are instances when only groups of tumor cells are present in the lymph nodes with no lump presence.
When we compare the breast cancer mortality rate stage 1 subtypes, stage 1A has a low mortality rate than 1B. The difference in mortality rates is due to the invasiveness of the tumor. At stage 1B, new tumor cell formation speeds up exponentially. This rapid increase in the number of cells eventually results in the spread of cancer to other areas of the body over the long run.
Alongside the staging system for breast cancer, another cancer categorization criterion named TNM is also used for stage 1. The TNM standards help doctors describe the extent of breast cancer. TNM is an acronym for tumor, node, and metastasis.
The size of the tumor is described. For stage 1, T1 is denoted. T1 means that the tumor is two centimeters or less. T1 itself is further divided into four groups:
T1mi denotes that the tumor size is 0.1 centimeter or less.
T1a refers to the size of the tumor between 0.1 to 0.5 centimeters.
T1b refers to the size of a tumor that falls between 0.5 to 1 centimeter.
T1c denotes that the tumor size is more than 1 centimeter but not more than 2 centimeters.
N describes if there is any node involvement or not.
When cancer spreads to other body parts, it is referred to as metastasis.
Breast cancer stage 0, as well as stage 1, are localized cancers. Localized means that the tumor is present in only one specific area of the body. The breast cancer mortality rate stage 1 for ten years is less than 10 percent with time; the mortality rate increases, and the survival rate decreases. This occurs because of a plethora of factors like declined organ functions, old age, and a long list of risk factors that can aggravate cancer. The National Cancer Institute has published several studies that point out that breast cancer patients’ survivability has increased over the past few years. All this has become possible with discovering novel diagnostic techniques and effective treatments that are being refined day by day.
Treatment of Breast cancer mortality rate stage 1
Stage 1 breast cancer is invasive. If not treated on time, the cancer cells can easily travel to other body areas through the network of lymph nodes. Apart from being invasive, stage 1 is highly treatable. The treatment involves breast surgery to remove the tumor, followed by radiation therapy, to kill any remaining cancer cells. Chemotherapy is avoided in stage 1 and stage 0 because both of the stages have tumors at one identifiable location of the breast.
Summary of Breast cancer mortality rate stage 1
There are several studies conducted that compare the mortality rates of different breast cancer stages. The results show that the breast cancer mortality rate in stage 1 is much lower than the stages 2,3 and 4. As the stages of breast cancer advance, the cancer severity increases. Nonetheless, the early stages of breast cancer, like stages 0 and 1, have appropriate treatments that altogether remove the breast tumor cells.
The best way to stay healthy and prevent breast cancer is by consulting your healthcare provider if you notice any changes in the breast’s appearance. Moreover, breast cancer exhibits breast tightness, swelling on the breast, a lump in the breast tissue, or a feeling of pain and discomfort. Contact your doctor if you come across any symptoms and follow the guidelines provided.
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