Discover neurological disorders list: Best Health Guide 2022
Neurological disorders list
The nervous system plays a pivotal role in controlling and mediating virtually every process in our body. Neurology is a branch of medicine that deals with studying the nervous system’s structure, how it works, and related diseases or disorders. Most of the neurological diseases and conditions are comparatively challenging to treat when compared to other diseases. This difficulty in treatment occurs because of the blood-brain-barrier that completely protects the brain and stops any foreign substance from entering.
Moreover, any damage to the nerves because of the disorder cannot be repaired. In such cases, neurologists recommend treatments that control the symptoms for an improved health outcome. Till now, there are more than 400 reported neurological disorders that have been studied. These disorders don’t affect the brain alone.
Rather many nerves, neuromuscular joints, and muscles are also affected. It might not be essential to know all of the neurological disorders, but knowledge of common conditions can help understand these disorders in detail.
You can get an insight into the disorders from the curated neurological disorders list mentioned below. Without further ado, let’s look into common neurological diseases.
Before we start, you may also be interested in the summary video about Neurological Disorders
Acute spinal cord injury
Usually, damage to the spinal cord from trauma results in acute spinal cord injury. The spinal cord not only protects the nerves but also provides mechanical support to the body. The extent of spinal cord injury will determine the severity of the disorder. A severe acute spinal cord injury can cause permanent disability or even death. There are appropriate treatments available that are recommended after a complete evaluation of the damage.
While looking into the neurological disorders list, Alzheimer’s is a very complex neurological disorder which appears in old aged women. The causes that lead to the development of Alzheimer’s are still unknown. However, various risk factors could probably trigger the disease. The most common symptoms include declined cognitive ability, restlessness, confusion, memory loss, etc. The treatment options available only help relieve the symptoms.
There are some High-Tech Medical solutions that helps for the Alzheimer patience to have a better daily life.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
A fatal motor neuron disorder in which the nerves, spinal cord, and the brain deteriorate over time. The common symptoms include twitching of muscles, feeling exhausted, slurred speech, and motor function loss in different areas.
In the neurological disorders list, bell’s palsy is a disorder that affects the facial muscles and nerves. Unexplained episodes of muscle paralysis followed by muscle weakness appear. Bell’s palsy occurs due to damage to the 7th cranial nerve, which connects the brain with facial muscles and skin. It is not a permanent disorder and can go away on its own. If you encounter recurrent facial muscle paralysis episodes, seek help from a certified neurologist for an effective treatment.
Epilepsy and seizures
A condition responsible for recurrent seizures can manifest in anyone despite their ethnicity, age, or health status. These seizures are devastating and pose a health risk and can be triggered by a stroke, a neurotransmitter imbalance, tumor, or brain damage. When exploring the neurological disorders list, epilepsy is one disorder that can be easily cured with an appropriate treatment plan.
In this neurological disorder, the immune system cells start attacking the nervous system. The condition is life-threatening in severe cases, and most of the affected might require hospitalization for better management. It is still unclear that what causes the immune cells to turn rouge and damage the nerves, but the most important symptom is a tingling sensation in the legs.
As mentioned earlier, GBS can spread within days and should always be treated on time. Unfortunately, if things get worse, the blood pressure and heart function can decline. There are even chances of encountering paralysis or having difficulty in breathing. Discuss your concern with your healthcare professional for the best guidance as the symptoms and treatments vary from person to person.
Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disorder in the neurological disorders list where the immune system starts attacking the body itself. The outcomes of various sclerosis vary for each person. Some of the affected might lose sight, while others might have difficulty sleeping, communicating, or even walking. In simple words, this neurological disorder cuts the nerve connection, resulting in disrupted functions.
A neurodegenerative disease that deteriorates the brain functionality over time. People over the age of 65 are affected by Parkinson’s. From the disorder’s onset, problems like limb rigidity, difficulty maintaining balance, and gait movements become difficult.
While digging in the neurological disorders list, encephalitis is one neurological disorder that requires immediate management and care. It can be caused by a bacterial infection or an autoimmune disease. A majority of viruses like zika, West Nile virus, st. Louise virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, and others cause encephalitis. The common symptoms include neck stiffness, fever, headaches, seizures, and loss of sound. Don’t delay and visit your healthcare professional as this neurological disorder requires special care, management, and treatment for the best results.
A neurological disorder that is also caused by an autoimmune disease. Myasthenia gravis usually develops in women. Like the limbs, throat, and eye, the voluntary muscles of the body are affected the most. Myasthenia gravis is commonly diagnosed in young females and rarely in men. This condition in the neurological disorders list does not only decline voluntary muscle function but also makes it difficult to swallow or breathe.
Outlook of the neurological disorders list
Many of the neurological disorders list can be discussed, but the most common them all are listed above. It is always best to go for annual health check-ups, which will provide you insight into your health. Always try to eat healthily and keep your health in check to cope with diseases in a better way.
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